Goat vs Lamb: Which One is Best? (3 Big Differences)

goat vs lamb meat differences

Goat meat has been surging in popularity over the past few years, with some calling it a healthier alternative to lamb.

But the meat isn’t a like-for-like alternative. In today’s article we’re going to show you the main differences between goat and lamb meat, how to cook them, and when to use each one.

The main difference between goat and lamb meat lies in their fat content. Goat has less fat (3g per 100g) than lamb, which makes it a leaner cut of meat. This makes goat meat taste tougher, and is great for slow cooked methods like braising, roasting, or smoking.

Differences between goat and lamb

Here are the three main differences between goat and lamb that make the two very different types of meat altogether.

Nutritional value

Goat meat is widely considered to be healthier than lamb. In comparison to sheep meat, goat is lower in cholesterol, saturated fats, and calories.

In fact, it’s lower in cholesterol than other meats, such as beef, pork, and even chicken.

Yep, even chicken.

The nutritional content of goat doesn’t end there though. It’s also incredibly high in protein, and even contains more iron than beef.

All in all, this makes goat a leaner cut of meat than lamb.

per 100gGoatLamb
Total Fat3 g21 g
Protein27 g25 g
Calories143294
Cholesterol75 mg97 mg
Iron3.7 mg1.9 mg
Source: USDA

Marbling

Most cuts of lamb meat contain more fat than goat. This is made evident by the visible amount of marbling that you can see across the surface of lamb.

Marbling is the white marks and flecks of fat that you see appear along the surface of red meat. They’re mostly found in the muscles of beef, lamb and goat and are also referred to as intramuscular fat (source).

raw lamb with marbling in meat muscle
Lamb meat with marbling evident along the surface of the meat muscle

The marbling found in meat tends to melt away as it’s cooked, and this rendered fat can help to enrich the meat with more flavor as it cooks.

Flavor

The lower fat content in goat makes it a tougher meat to chew than sheep, but the flavor differences stretch far beyond just texture.

Goat is slightly sweeter than lamb in flavor, and can even carry a more gamey flavor. I tend to find that this usually depends on how it’s prepared. If you smoke it then this sweet flavor should lock into the meat, but if you grill it then it might lose some of that and become tougher.

About goat meat

Goat meat is a red meat that has a light marbling across its surface, and ranges in color between a very light pink to a deep bright red.

This marbling in the flesh makes it perfect for low and slow cooking and smoking. As it slowly cooks, the fat in the marble melts away and enriches the flesh of the meat with flavor and juice.

Most of this meat comes from young goats to help capture it at its most tender and juicy. This is what makes it great for barbecue smoking, and it carries a really delicate flavor.

If it comes from a goat that hasn’t been castrated then the meat tends to be tougher and more firm, and carries a more pronounced aroma and flavor.

About lamb meat

Lamb meat is a red meat that varies from a light pink color to a light red. The meat tends to come from sheep in their first year (hence ‘lamb’). If you see lamb meat that’s a deeper color then this is usually a sign that the animal was older.

Younger lamb is more tender, which makes it more sought-after. This means that it’s more expensive than older lamb. Beware of being ripped off if you’re sold darker meat!

How to cook goat meat

Goat meat doesn’t have a lot of fat or marbling, which means that if it’s cooked at high temperatures it’ll be prone to becoming tough.

how to cook goat meat

It’s far better suited to cooking low and slow. This will help retain its moisture while also allowing the collagen in the meat to render.

That’s why we often see goat served in curries or stews, as the slow cooking approach tends to bring out the best in the meat.

If you do want to grill it then I strongly suggest marinating or even brining it beforehand. This will help prevent it from drying out too quickly.

How to cook lamb

Lamb has more fat content than goat (source), so tends to hold up to grilling at higher temperatures than goat.

A word of warning though. The flavor of the fat in lamb does tend to be more gamey and deeper in taste. If this isn’t your kind of thing then I recommend trying to trim off some of the fat before cooking.

how to cook lamb

Lamb is fantastic barbecued or grilled, and also roasted.

Different cuts of lamb have different fat content, but if you manage to get a hold of a piece with a good deal or marbling then this will be perfect for slow cooking or roasting. For example, if you manage to get a fatty cut like lamb shoulder then try barbecue smoking it.

Lamb chops are expensive, but their fat content makes it worth it. They can be barbecue grilled or smoked, and are best finished with a seared skin and pink inside.

In contrast, leg of lamb is lean and contains far less fat. This makes them better for slow roasting or barbecuing. They’ll need marinating or brining beforehand.

Check out our grilled leg of lamb with herb butter recipe.


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