Smoked Picanha [BBQ Sirloin Cap]

5 from 1 vote
5 from 1 vote

Delicious smoked picanha for a taste of Brazilian BBQ! Smoke this beef sirloin top cap cooked with the iconic fat cap left on, before serving with refreshing chimichurri.

smoked picanha rump steak

If you’re looking to impress your guests with a unique BBQ experience, the best place to start is with this smoked picanha recipe. It’s a Brazilian classic that’s not commonly found in the U.S., though once you try it you will certainly see why it is so popular.

Picanha, or culotte, is the sirloin top cap that comes from the cap muscle. It is typically procured with a multi-centimeter layer of fat known as the fat cap. As the picanha cooks, that thick layer of fat melts around the meat, adding a mouthwatering flavor and softening its texture.

Keep reading to learn the ins and outs of a South American classic, plus, how to pair it with a refreshing chimichurri sauce.

Picanha Explained

smoked picanha rump steak

Picanha is a cut of meat most commonly found in Brazil, where it is grilled over an open fire over a spit, also known as Brazilian churrasco

In North America, this cut is more commonly divided up between the loin and round steaks. However, if you are able to procure one from your local butcher, you will understand why it is a Brazilian favorite. 

One of the reasons picanha is sought after is that the thick fat cap renders as it’s cooked low and slow, infusing the meat fibers with added flavor. Not only this, but the muscle fibers within the meat itself loosen, helping turn picanha into a beautifully tender beef cut.

While the tradition is often to grill picanha steak, the sirloin cap cooks just as beautifully when we go low and slow on the smoker.

Smoking is not common in Brazil, but it is nonetheless an excellent cooking method that will accentuate the earthy flavor while imparting a not-so-subtle smoke flavor you and your guests will love.

Times & Temperatures

smoked picanha rump steak

Each smoker is different, so always be sure to refer to the manual for specific smoking instructions. That being said, there are some good rules of thumb when it comes to timing and temperatures. 

The length of smoking time generally depends on the type of meat, its thickness, and your preferred level of doneness. For picanha, medium rare is achieved at 130°F, which typically takes 1 hour per pound at 250°F.

How Long Should You Let Picanha Rest?

With your picanha just shy of target internal temperature, pull it from the smoker and transfer to a chopping board to allow it to rest. While you might want to tear into the meat, meat resting is an integral step in meat cooking that allows the meat to maintain its structure and lock in all its precious juices.

Plan on removing the picanha from your smoker when it is still a couple of degrees below your preferred level of doneness. 

The reason is because of carryover cooking, which is what happens when the heat generated during the cooking process continues to slightly cook the meat after it is removed from the smoker. This process can lead to accidental overcooking.

Timewise, you will want your picanha to rest just long enough to solidify these juices without getting cold. Around 10 minutes usually does the trick.

Serving Picanha

As mentioned above, picanha is wildly popular in Brazil, which typically serves this meat medium rare with sides of either black beans, rice, or potato salad, to name a few. 

It never hurts to include a sauce to top your picanha, such as chimichurri. Chimichurri is an Argentinian green sauce composed of parsley, garlic, olive oil, and spices. The fresh herbaceous quality of this sauce makes it the perfect accompaniment to your smoked picanha.

When slicing, you will want to slice against the grain and consider removing the remaining fat cap before serving. 

smoked picanha rump steak

Quick Tips

  1. If the fat cap is especially thick, trim it off so only ¼-½ inch remains, as this will guarantee all of the fat melts off the meat in the smoker.
  2. Place the picanha in the smoker with the fat cap facing down so that the bark can develop all over the meat
  3. Score the fat cap deeply enough to penetrate the silver skin, as this will allow the fat to melt deeply into the meat.
smoked picanha rump steak

Smoked Picanha

5 from 1 vote
Delicious smoked picanha for a taste of Brazilian BBQ! Smoke this beef sirloin top cap cooked with the iconic fat cap left on, before serving with refreshing chimichurri.
Print Recipe Pin Recipe
Prep Time10 minutes
Cook Time3 hours
Total Time3 hours 10 minutes
Servings: 4


  • paring knife
  • hickory smoking wood


  • 3 lbs picanha roast
  • 2 tbsp kosher salt
  • black pepper
  • ¼ cup water
  • ¼ tbsp Worcestershire sauce


  • 2 cups flat-leaf parsley de-stemmed
  • 2 cloves garlic
  • ¼ cup extra virgin olive oil
  • ½ shallot chopped
  • 1 tbsp dried oregano
  • 2 tsp red chili flakes
  • kosher salt to taste


  • Fire up your smoker to 250°F (120°C)
  • Trim the picanha roast's fat cap, if necessary, and remove any visible silver skin. Use a paring knife to score the fat cap.
  • Combine the salt, pepper, water, and Worcestershire sauce and rub the mixture on both sides of the picanha
  • Once smoker has hit 250°F, add hickory wood to coals or wood tray
  • Put the picanha in the smoker, fat-side down, and smoke until the beef reaches an internal temperature of 130°F (55°C) for medium-rare, or longer for medium
  • (Optional) For a caramelized crust, consider searing all sides of the picanha over a grill set to 500°F (260°C).
  • Once the meat has sufficiently cooked, remove it from the smoker and allow it to rest for 30 minutes before slicing and serving


  • Using a food processor, combine all the ingredients except the salt and blend until everything is well-combined but not perfectly smooth
  • Taste, add salt, pulse several times, and continue adjusting ingredients until you are satisfied
  • Serve over top of your finished smoked picanha

About the Author

Ben Isham-Smith

A BBQ obsessive, Ben is behind 250+ of The Online Grill’s recipes, as well as countless barbecue guides to help barbecue newbies get to grips with the world’s best form of cooking.

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