Is there a better way to get the fall-off-the-bone ribs that everyone craves?
Smoked BBQ ribs are one of the barbecue staples that any budding pit master needs to learn how to cook. And one of the best ways of smoking ribs is done using the 3-2-1 method.
If this is new to you then you’ve come to the right place.
In today’s smoking recipe, I’m going to walk you through everything you need to know to make perfect, tender 3 2 1 ribs.
What is the 3 2 1 method?
The 3-2-1 rib method is an easy way to cook beautifully tender ribs by following three key stages:
- 3 hours on the smoker
- 2 hours wrapped in foil with water
- 1 final hour smoked with sauce layered on top
The method ensures that your meat is cooked evenly, while also guarantees that they’ll retain moisture and lock in beautiful smoked barbecue flavors.
In short, if you want perfect competition-level BBQ ribs, then learning the 3 2 1 method is a must.
The truth about ‘fall off the bone’ ribs
Now, a few of you might be shouting at your screen already.
“But I thought fall-off-the-bone was bad?”
Yep, it’s true that a lot of competition-winning barbecue chefs and pit masters distance themselves from ribs that aim for melt-away textures, but for me it’s purely a matter of personal preference.
Sure, you might not win any competitions, but sometimes you just have to indulge in what you like.
And if fall-off-the-bone ribs is what you like, then that’s what you shall have!
How to do the 3-2-1 method
As the name suggests, this rib smoking method is broken down into three main parts. One takes three hours, another takes two hours, and the final part takes one hour.
Three. Two. One.
Each of these parts is important, so be careful to follow them exactly!
So what does each stage entail? Let’s get into it.
Smoke for 3 hours
To really get the ribs to work, we need to smoke them for three hours. We do this at a low temperature over heavy smoke.
Go for a temperature of 225°F (107°C), which is our default heat for meat smoking. It creates a good level of low and slow smoke that will help bring your ribs to temperature smoothly and evenly.
This long exposure to smoke will not only infuse the meat with flavor, but start to break down the fat content found within the flesh of the meat.
We use a fruit-based wood like apple, cherry or maple for pork. Find out why here.
Be sure to prep your ribs by applying a generous amount of BBQ rub to it. Everyone has their own personal favorite, but if you’re looking for inspiration then check out this list of my favorite store-bought rib rubs.
If you want to make your own, then try my pork seasoning rub. It has a beautiful layer of paprika, cayenne pepper, and mustard.
An important note here is that three hours is perfect for pork spare ribs, however if you’re using baby back ribs then you might want to cook them for closer to two hours. If you go beyond this then baby back ribs is often prone to drying out.
Wrap for 2 hours
OK so the first stage is all about cooking the ribs, but the second part is where the real work is done.
This all-important second stage is where we get to tenderize the meat.
This is where we turn regular BBQ ribs into fall of the bone tender beauties.
Once the 3 hours is up, you will need to wrap the ribs tightly in an aluminum foil pouch. In the pouch you then want to add a little liquid which will steam up during cooking and add more flavor and moisture to the ribs.
This will help create a sort of flavored steam, which will in turn infuse the ribs with flavor while also making the meat tender.
What you use as your liquid here is up to you, but a good go-to here is a little mix of apple cider, butter, and dark sugar.
Once you have wrapped your ribs tightly, place back in your smoker and cook at 225°F (the standard smoking temperature) for 2 more hours.
This stage will effectively braise your meat and allow the fat in the ribs to render further.
A good visual aid here is to look for the meat to retract a touch at the end. We want to aim for somewhere about 1.4-inch retraction.
If it helps make things easier you could use a regular kitchen oven here and essentially bake the ribs while in the foil pouch, but come on. Let’s keep it real.
Smoke in sauce for 1 hour
And here we have the home straight.
This stage is all about saucing the ribs, and allow it to cake onto it.
For the final step, baste the ribs in your BBQ sauce of choice. Make sure that you apply sauce as liberally as you can, on both the top and undersides of the racks.
Transfer the ribs back to the smoker for a final hour to allow the sauce to set on top of the rack.
Again, smoke at 225°F. Keeping the temperature at this heat will allow the BBQ sauce to set without over-cooking the ribs or allowing them to dry out.
At the end of all that, you should be left with smokey 3-2-1 ribs that are layered beautifully with BBQ rub and sauce.
It’s an easy barbecue method, and will leave you with your new favorite method for smoking ribs!
Easy 3 2 1 BBQ Ribs
- 1 rack pork spare ribs
- 3-4 tbsp pork rub
- 1 cup BBQ sauce
- 1 cup apple juice or cider
- ¼ cup brown sugar
- 2 tbsp salted butter cut into thin slices
- Set up your smoker for indirect cooking. Set it up so your ribs will not be placed directly above the embers or fire of your BBQ smoker. Add your choice of hardwood to coals, e.g. applewood. Allow the smoker to heat up to our target temperature of 225°F.
- Remove the membrane from the back side of the ribs
- Apply BBQ rub to both sides of the ribs. Work into every area of the ribs that you can. Apply generously.
- With your smoke fully heated up and at 225°F, transfer the ribs to the smoker in the indirect zone. Close the lid and leave to smoke for 3 hours.
- Transfer ribs to aluminum foil placed upon cooking surface. Create a pouch with the ribs in. Apply the brown sugar across the top side of the ribs, and place the bits of butter on top. Sprinkle the apple juice/cider over. Tightly fold and crimp the aluminum foil to create an airtight pouch.
- Transfer rib pouch back to the smoker and continue to cook at 225°F. Let the ribs cook for a further 2 hours.
- Remove the rib puch from the grill and transfer to cooking surface. Carefully open pouch and allow steam to escape. Remove ribs and discard pouch and liquid contents.
- Use a brush to apply BBQ sauce liberally across the ribs, on both sides. Close lid and continue to smoke at 225°F for a final hour, or until BBQ sauce has set.